Understanding Property Division in Family Law Cases

In family law cases, one of the most contentious issues is often property division. When a couple divorces or separates, they must divide their assets and debts fairly. This process can be complicated, and it’s important to understand the laws that govern property division to ensure a fair outcome. In this blog post, we’ll explore the basics of property division in family law cases and how it works in practice.


What is Property Division?

Property division, also known as property distribution, is the process by which assets and debts are divided between two parties in a divorce or separation. It can include everything from real estate and vehicles to bank accounts and retirement savings. The goal of property division is to ensure a fair and equitable distribution of assets and debts between the parties.


How is Property Division Decided?

In most cases, property division is decided based on the principles of equitable division. In Colorado, property is divided under C.R.S. 14-10-113. This means that property is divided fairly, but not necessarily equally. Factors that may be considered when dividing property include:

  • The length of the marriage or relationship
  • The income and earning potential of each party
  • The contributions each party made to the acquisition and maintenance of the property
  • The needs of each party, such as custody of children or ongoing health care costs

It’s important to note that property division can be agreed upon by the parties themselves through negotiation, mediation, or collaborative law. If the parties cannot agree, however, the court will make a decision based on the above factors.


What Assets and Debts are Subject to Property Division?

Nearly all assets and debts acquired during a marriage or relationship are subject to property division. This can include:

  • Real estate, including the family home and investment properties
  • Bank accounts, investments, and retirement savings
  • Vehicles and other personal property
  • Business interests and intellectual property
  • Debts, such as mortgages, credit card debt, and student loans

Assets and debts acquired before the marriage or relationship may also be subject to division in certain circumstances. For example, if one party used separate property to pay for marital expenses, they may be entitled to reimbursement.


How Can I Prepare to Divide my Property in a Divorce?

If you are going through a divorce or separation, it’s important to prepare for property division. Some steps you can take include:

  • Documenting all assets and debts, including account numbers, balances, and ownership
  • Gathering any relevant financial documents, such as tax returns and bank statements
  • Identifying any separate property you may have, such as inheritance or gifts received before the marriage
  • Considering the needs of yourself and any children involved in the property division process

Working with an experienced family law attorney can also help ensure that your interests are protected during the property division process.


What Happens After Property Division?

Once property division is complete, the parties will receive their share of the assets and debts. It’s important to update any account information and legal documents, such as wills and trusts, to reflect the new ownership of property. Additionally, any ongoing obligations related to the property, such as mortgage payments or child support, must be adhered to according to the terms of the divorce or separation agreement.



Property division is a complex process that can have significant financial and emotional implications for both parties involved in a divorce or separation. Understanding the principles of equitable division, as well as the assets and debts subject to division, is critical to ensuring a fair outcome. By working with an experienced family law attorney and preparing for the property division process, individuals can protect their interests and move forward with confidence after a divorce or separation.